Stanislav Balík was born in 1956. He was a corporate lawyer from 1979 to 1989 and practiced as an attorney since 1990. From 1994 to 2004 he worked in the Board of Directors of the Czech Bar Association, in 1999 he was elected its first vice-president, and from 2002 to 2003 he was the president of the Czech Bar Association. He was appointed by the President of the Czech Republic a judge of the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic on 26 May 2004. After the end of his ten-year tenure he returned to the advocacy. Since 2015, he has been the Head of the Czech delegation to the Council of Bars and Law Societies of Europe (CCBE), in 2016 he was the vice-chairman and since 2017 he has been the chairman of its Committee for Central and Eastern Europe (PECO). Since 1996, he has been working at the Department of Legal History of the Faculty of Law at the University of West Bohemia. He also lectures at the Faculty of Law and the Faculty of Arts of the Masaryk University as well as the Faculty of Law of the Palacký University and the CEVRO Institute. Stanislav Balík publishes frequently and he is the author and co-author of a number of textbooks and articles in expert journals. He was the lead author of the monography “Dějiny advokacie v Čechách, na Moravě a ve Slezsku” (2009) which has been also published in English as “History of the Legal Profession in Bohemia, Moravia and Silesia” (2010), and the book “Dějiny českého notářství” (“The History of the Czech Notary”, 2014). He works in editorial boards of a number of Czech and foreign journals. He was awarded the Silver Medal of Antonín Randa in 2003.
Born 1977; master's degree in law and master's degree in international relations (Charles University in Prague); diploma in English law and the law of the European Union (University of Cambridge); Magister Juris (University of Oxford, St. Edmund Hall); Doctor of Laws (European University Institute, Florence); further studies at the Université libre de Bruxelles and the University of Queensland (Australia); Legal Secretary to the President of the Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic (2005-09) and Head of the Research and Documentation Department of that court (2008-09); qualified to perform the duties of a judge in the Czech Republic (2009); Fellow (2011-12) and Research Fellow (2013-16) at the Institute of European and Comparative Law of the University of Oxford; Professor at the College of Europe in Bruges (2013-15); Advocate General at the Court of Justice since 7 October 2015.
Associate professor at the Gustav Radbruch Institute of Theory of Law at the UPJŠ Faculty of Law in Košice. Her scientific research focuses on issues of sources of law and on the relationship between the national legal system and European Union law. She has authored a monograph, dozens of scientific works and co-authored a textbook on legal theory as well as several other educational texts. She also actively participates in domestic and foreign conferences. Mrs. Dobrovičová currently holds the office of Dean of the UPJŠ Faculty of Law in Košice.
Judge as of 11 March 2012, for a term of nine years. Assigned to the Trial Division; assumed full time duty 16 March 2012. National of Nigeria, elected from list A (competence in criminal law and procedure) on 16 December 2011.
Prior to joining the ICC, Judge Eboe-Osuji was the Legal Advisor to the UN High Commissioner for Human Rights, during which time he led the writing of submissions to the European Court of Human Rights and the United States Supreme Court. He served as Principal Appeals Counsel for the Prosecution in the Charles Taylor Case at the Special Court for Sierra Leone (2007-2008), and has held several posts at the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda, including Head of Chambers (2008- 2010) and Lead Prosecution Trial Counsel (2000-2003).
He has taught international criminal law as adjunct professor at the Faculty of Law of the University of Ottawa, Canada, and has an extensive record of legal scholarship and publications.
Judge Eboe-Osuji served as legal expert to Nigeria's delegation to the ICC-ASP Special Working Group on the Definition of the Crime of Aggression and practised law as a barrister, appearing in many criminal, civil and constitutional cases before national courts in Nigeria and Canada.
He holds an LL.B. from the University of Calabar, Nigeria (1985), an LL.M. from McGill University, Canada (1991), and a Ph.D. in international criminal law from the University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands (2011).
He was appointed as the Vice-President of the Supreme Court by the President of the Czech Republic on 1 January 2011. From 1987 he worked at the Municipal Court in Brno and in 1989 he became a judge of the Court. In 1993 he started working at the Regional Court in Brno and during the years 2001 to 2002 he was its Vice-President. He has been working as a judge of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic since 2002. In 2003, he was appointed the President of a Chamber of the Civil and Commercial Division. He was also appointed a judge of the Special Chamber for Competence Disputes in 2003.
He gives lectures to judges and notaries. As an external lecturer he teaches at the faculties of law of the Charles University in Prague and the Masaryk University in Brno.
He is a member of the editorial board of the expert journals “Soudní judikatura z oblasti občanského, obchodního a pracovního práva” and “Ad Notam”.
He is a member of the Academic Council of the Charles University and the Academic Council of the Faculty of Law of the Charles University. He is also the Head of the Commission for the re-codification of the Czech civil procedural law. He was awarded the prize Lawyer of the Year in the field of civil law in 2015. He is not affiliated with any political party.
Mag. Damijan Florjančič graduated from the University of Ljubljana Faculty of Law in 1978. In 1981 he passed the legal state exam and in 2005 he obtained his master's degree at the Ljubljana Faculty of Law with a thesis on criminal justice.
He started his professional career at the Municipal Administration of the Municipality of Sežana and continued as an intern at the Higher Court in Koper. In the period 1981-1986 he was Deputy and later Head of the Basic Public Prosecutor's Office in Koper, Unit of Sežana.
In 1986 he was elected judge at the Basic Court in Koper (later District Court in Koper), and was appointed Head of its Sežana Unit for one year. In 1994 he was appointed president of the District Court in Koper and held this office until his appointment as higher judge at the Higher Court in Koper in 2001, where he worked until 2006. He continued his professional career as a judge seconded to the Ministry of Justice and was appointed director of Judicial Training Centre in 2008. In the period 2003 - 2014 he was president of the criminal section of the Slovenian Association of Judges.
In 2010 he became a Supreme Court judge at the Supreme Court of the Republic of Slovenia and was appointed president of the Supreme Court in February 2017.
As of February 2014, he is the dean of Law Faculty at Charles University, the head of the Department of Legal History of Law Faculty at Charles University and Professor at this Department.
Professor Kuklík graduated from the Faculty of Law of Charles University in Prague in 1989 and in the same year received the “Doctor of Law” degree (JUDr.). Between 1991 and 1992 he studied as a postgraduate guest student at the St. Edmund Hall College in Oxford. He finished his postgraduate doctorate studies in the field of Legal History and Theory of Law in 1995. In 1999, Professor Kuklík became an Assistant Professor of Czech and Czechoslovak Legal History. As of 2001 he holds the “Doctor of Legal Science” degree (DrSc.), in 2005 he was appointed professor in the field of Legal History. He was also a participant of the International Visitor Leadership Program organised by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the USA with the focus on legal education at American universities (2007). He is an author or co-author of numerous scientific publications. In 2011, he received a special prize of the rector of the Charles University for a publication Liberated Czechoslovakia through the eyes of British diplomacy. Publication Nationalised Czechoslovakia and Long shadows of Munich were, in 2012 and 2013 respectively, rewarded as the most significant scientific publications published at the Charles University. Currently, he is the head researcher of the Ministry of culture project NAKI dedicated to the legal status of minorities.
Zdeněk Kühn, the judge of the Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic. He earned law degrees at the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague and at the University of Michigan Law School, Ann Arbor, USA. He worked as a law clerk from 1997 to 2001 and in 2000 passed the bar examination. Since 2000, he has worked as an assistant professor and since 2006 as an associate professor at the Department of Legal Theory and Legal Doctrines, Faculty of Law, Charles University in Prague. He was a law clerk at the Constitutional Court from 2004 to 2007 and a member of the Government Legislative Council between 2006 and 2007. In 2008, he was appointed as a judge and assigned to the Supreme Administrative Court. Furthermore, he is an author of several books and numerous articles which have been published in the Czech Republic and abroad.
Having studied law at the University of Vienna, Elisabeth Lovrek started her judicial career as a judge of the District Court for the Central District of Vienna in 1987. She served as a civil law judge at the Vienna Regional Court and the Vienna Court of Appeals from 1990 to 2002 and was appointed to the Supreme Court in 2003. As a judge of this Court, her main areas of work have been labour law, insolvency law, tenancy law, arbitration law, tort law and wills and succession. She was appointed the Vice-President of the Supreme Court in 2015 and since 1 July 2018 she has become the President of the Supreme Court. Apart from her administrative duties, she currently serves as Presiding Judge of the Court’s Second Civil Chamber. Elisabeth Lovrek has authored numerous publications on civil law and civil procedure and is co-editor of a legal journal. She teaches civil procedure at the University of Vienna and is member of several Austrian law societies.
Former Deputy President of the Supreme Court of the United Kingdom (2017 - June 2018). Lord Mance read law at University College, Oxford, spent time with a Hamburg law firm and practised at the commercial bar (from 1982 as a Queen’s Counsel) in England as well as in Hong Kong and the Bahamas until 1993. He was a founder director of the Bar Mutual Indemnity Insurance Fund. From 1993 to 1999 he sat as a Queen’s Bench Judge, including in the Commercial Court. From 1999 he sat in the Court of Appeal, and from 2005 in the Appellate Committee of the House of Lords. He became a Justice of the new UK Supreme Court on its foundation in 2009, and its Deputy President in 2017. In the House of Lords, he also chaired sub-committee E of the European Union Select Committee, scrutinising proposals concerning European law and institutions, and contributing to the Committee’s report on the Treaty of Lisbon; and led groups working on domestic enforcement of the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises, and reporting on the problem of impunity in relation to violence against women in the Congo. He was from 2000 to 2003 elected and re-elected as first chair of the Council of Europe’s Consultative Council of European Judges, on which he continued to represent the United Kingdom until 2011. During the eight years from its commencement in March 2010, he was a member of the seven-person panel established by article 255 of the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to report on candidates’ suitability to serve as judge or advocate general in the Court of Justice. He is currently Chair of the Executive Council of the International Law Association with branches in over 60 jurisdictions worldwide, and a member of the Judicial Integrity Group. In the United Kingdom he also chairs the Lord Chancellor’s Advisory Committee on Private International Law.
Jan Passer is the judge of the General Court of the Court of Justice of the European Union. Before his appointment to the Court he worked as a judge of the Supreme Administrative Court of the Czech Republic. He holds a law degree from the Faculty of Law, Charles University in Prague. From 2001 until 2005 he served as a judge of the Circuit Court for Prague 2. From September 2004 until August 2005 he was temporarily assigned to the Supreme Administrative Court, thereafter (in September 2005) he became its permanent member. From 2001 to 2003 he was an external lecturer at the Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University and currently, he is an external lecturer at the Faculty of Law, Masaryk University, and the Judicial Academy, both in the area of European law. He successfully completed several work and study abroad programmes. Furthermore, he represents the SAC in the EU Forum of Judges for the Environment (EUFJE) and is the founding member of the Czech Society for European and Comparative Law.
Lenka Praženková is the President of the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic. She leads this highest constitutional authority of the judicial power that guarantees notably the independence of judicial power and judicial legitimacy, which is responsible for the administration of judicial power and judiciary as well as its transparency. She was elected a member of the Judicial Council by judges of the Slovak Republic in 2017 elections. Before her being elected as the President of the Judicial Council she was a President of a Chamber of Commercial Division of the Supreme Court of the Slovak republic. The moment she was elected the President of the Judicial Council, the exercise of her function as a judge has been suspended.
She started her judicial career as a judicial trainee in 1993 after successful graduation from the Faculty of Law of Comenius University in Bratislava. In 1995, she passed the judicial exam. Since 1997 she has held the function of a judge at the Regional Court in Bratislava. Due to an extraordinary family event she left the judiciary and acted as an attorney. In 2003 she returned to the judiciary and worked as a judge at the District Court in Bratislava I in the Civil and later Commercial Division.
She spent a part of her judicial career at the District Court in Pezinok where she held the function of the President of the court. Since 2010 she was a judge of the Civil Division and later the President of the Chamber of the Commercial Division and the Vice – President of the Regional Court in Bratislava. From 2012 to 2017 she was a member of the Council of the Judicial Academy of the Slovak Republic.
She is currently in the second term of the three year membership in the Examination Committee for judicial exams of the Judicial Academy of the Slovak Republic. She is actively involved in the education of young students and participates in domestic and foreign scientific conferences. A special educational project has been created under her leadership which aims to explain the meaning and functioning of the Judicial Council to children and students of elementary and high schools in the Slovak Republic.
He was born in 1958. From 1980 to 1984, he studied at the Faculty of Law of the Masaryk University in Brno (at that time the “University of Jan Evangelista Purkyně”), which he successfully finished in 1984. In the following year, after the rigorous exam he was awarded the title JUDr. After his legal praxis, he became a judge and gradually served at all levels of the military judicial system. After the extinction of the military justice, since 1993 he has been serving as a judge of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic seated in Brno. He is assigned to the Criminal Division of the Court and he specialises in the field of economic and property criminality. He also acts as a member of the Grand Chamber and the Records Chamber of the Supreme Court, participating in the decision-making of the Supreme Court in criminal matters. Since 1 September 2015, he has been serving as the President of the Criminal Division of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic. Apart from that, he is devoted in publication activities as a co-author of books in the field of the substantive and procedural criminal law (e.g. commentaries on the Penal Code, the Criminal Procedure Code and the Act on the Criminal Liability of Legal Entities, textbooks on substantive and procedural criminal law, handbooks on business criminality and on the status of the aggrieved party and damages in criminal proceedings, sample drafts of filings and decisions in the criminal proceedings, etc.). He is the author or co-author of a number of articles in expert journals, especially in “Právní rozhledy”, “Trestněprávní revue” and “Bulletin advokacie”. He regularly attends expert legal conferences (e.g. Carlsbad Law Days, New Phenomena in Economic Crime, etc.) and participates in teaching at universities and at the Judicial Academy. He successfully finished his Ph.D. study programme at the Faculty of Law of the Masaryk University in Brno and he was awarded the Ph.D. degree in 2015.
Born 1949; Doctor of Law (University of Warsaw, 1980); habilitated Doctor in Legal Science (University of Warsaw, 1990); Professor of Law (1998); Director of the Civil Law Institute of the University of Warsaw (1992-96); Vice-Rector of the University of Warsaw (1994-97); Secretary-General of the Polish Section of the Henri Capitant Association of Friends of French Legal Culture (1994-98); representative of Poland on the Bioethics Committee of the Council of Europe (1991-97); Judge (1997-98), then President (1998-2006), of the Constitutional Court; member (since 1994) and Vice-President (since 2010) of the International Academy of Comparative Law, member of the International Association of Law, Ethics and Science (since 1995), member of the Helsinki Committee in Poland; member of the Polish Academy of Arts and Sciences; Pro Merito Medal conferred by the Secretary-General of the Council of Europe (2007); author of a very large number of publications in the fields of civil law, medical law and European law; Doctor honoris causa of the European University Institute (2012); Judge at the Court of Justice since 7 October 2009.
Pavel Šámal, the President of the Supreme Court of the Czech Republic since 22 January 2015 and the professor of criminal law of the Faculty of Law of the Charles University and the Comenius University in Bratislava. After the successful completion of his studies at the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague in 1977 he received his doctorate degree (JUDr.) in 1980 and he earned his Ph.D. in 1999. He was appointed the associate professor of criminal law in 2001 and subsequently the professor of criminal law, criminology and criminalistics by the President of the Czech Republic in 2006. He began his judicial career at the District Court in Most where he worked from 1979. Later on, he worked as a judge at the Regional Court in Ústí nad Labem and became a judge at the Supreme Court in 1991. He is a judge and a presiding member of a panel of the Criminal Division of the Supreme Court. Furthermore, he has been a member of a working committee of the Government Legislative Council of the Czech Republic for criminal law and a member of the editorial boards of law journals Právní rozhledy, Bulletin advokacie, Soudní rozhledy, Trestněprávní revue and Collection of Decisions and Standpoints – Selection of the Decisions of the European Court of Human Rights, considered to be of the highest importance for the Czech judicial practice by the Supreme Court. He is a member of the International Association of Penal Law (Association Internationale de Droit pénal) since 2002 and a member of the Scientific Councils of the Faculty of Law of the Masaryk University in Brno and the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague. He is also a member of the Commission for the Recodification of Substantive and Procedural Criminal Law, established by the Ministry of Justice.
Born 1952; Doctor of Law (Comenius University, Bratislava, 1979); company lawyer (1975-90); Registrar responsible for the commercial register at the City Court, Košice (1991); Judge at the City Court, Košice (January to October 1992); Judge and President of Chamber at the Regional Court, Košice (November 1992 to 2009); temporary Judge at the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic, Commercial Law Division (October 2004 to September 2005); Head of the Commercial Law Division at the Regional Court, Košice (October 2005 to September 2009); external member of the Commercial and Business Law Department at Pavol Josef Šafárik University, Košice (1997-2009); external member of the teaching staff of the Judicial Academy (2005-09); Judge at the General Court since 7 October 2009.
Born on 7 September 1961. Master of Laws 1986. Trained on the Bench 1987.
Assistant at the Department of Private Law at the faculty of Law, University of Helsinki 1986. Auxiliary member of the Helsinki City Court 1986-1988. Notary and Circuit Judge at the Iitti District Court 1986-1987. City Court Judge at the Helsinki City Court 1988-1993, Circuit Judge 1993-1996. Judicial Secretary of the Supreme Court 1996-2001. Special Advisor at the Law Drafting Department of the Ministry of Justice 1998-1999. Referendary Counsellor at the Supreme Court 2001-2007. Justice of the Supreme Court from 1 January 2008. Chairman of the Development Committee of the Court from 2014.
Advisor on drafting procedural law appointed by the Ministry of Justice 2000-2001. Section Head of the Consumer Complaint Board 1999-2007, Vice Chairman and Member 2003-2007 of the Plenary Session. Chairman of the Sports Arbitration Board 2012 - 2016.
Born 1951; Doctor of Laws (University of Bratislava); Judge at the District Court, Bratislava; Judge, Appeal Court, responsible for civil law cases, and Vice-President, Appeal Court, Bratislava; member of the Civil and Family Law Section at the Ministry of Justice Law Institute; acting Judge responsible for commercial law cases at the Supreme Court; member of the European Commission of Human Rights (Strasbourg); Judge at the Constitutional Court (2000-04); Judge at the Court of First Instance from 12 May 2004 to 6 October 2009; Judge at the Court of Justice of the European Union since 7 October 2009.
Daniela Švecová became the President of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic on the 2nd of October 2014. She was born in Nové Zámky. After successfully completing her studies at the Faculty of Law of Comenius University in Bratislava (1974), she was awarded the title of JUDr. – doctor of law. In 1986 she performed II. attestation within the Ministry of Justice. Her judicial career started immediately after graduating from the Faculty of Law - in 1974 she became a judicial trainee at the District Court in Trnava. In 1975 she passed judicial examination and until 1980 worked as the presiding judge of a panel. In 1980 she transferred to the District Court in Nové Zámky and in 1981 continued at the Regional Court in Bratislava firstly as a judge and later as a presiding judge of a panel. Having been a judge of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic since 1991, in 1999 she became a presiding judge of a panel of the Civil-Law Department. Between 2005 – 2010 Daniela Švecová performed the function of the Supreme Court’s Vice-President. A substantial part of her professional life was devoted to civil law. She is a participating author in six publications (Civil Code – Commentary and Related Legal Regulations, Contract Templates and Legal Petitions with commentary, Slovak Law Glossary, Law of Civil Procedure textbook – first instance proceedings, Proceedings of the XVI. Conference of the Karlovy Vary Law Days, and Proceedings of the Symposium with International Participation “Labour Law in a Unified Europe”). She is an external member of the pedagogical staff of the Judicial Academy of the Slovak Republic.
Justice Irene Tricomi became a member of the Italian Judiciary in February 1989. During her career she served as a judge at the Juvenile Court of Naples and as a civil law judge at the Ordinary Court of Naples, dealing with property, public administration, family, trademark and patent law.
Afterwards, having moved to Rome, Justice Tricomi served at the Research & Documentation Department at the Italian High Council of the Judiciary.
In addition, in her capacity as a judge she worked as a research assistant at the Italian Constitutional Court.
Since 2010, Irene Tricomi has been serving as a Supreme Court justice adjudicating labour law and social security cases.
Along with the role played as the Supreme Court justice, she is also the Vice Secretary General to the Italian Supreme Court.
Justice Tricomi has delivered many lectures and has authored several scientific publications.
She has been the Vice-President of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic since 7 June 2013 and currently holds the second term in the office. Mrs Urbancová graduated from the Faculty of Law of the Comenius University in Bratislava where she was awarded a degree of Doctor of Law after she had passed the rigorous examination. She worked as an assistant/lawyer in the Pozemné stavby company in Bratislava. In 1991, she started working at the Ministry of Justice of the Slovak Republic, firstly as an assistant, later as the head of the rehabilitation and compensation department. She successfully passed the judicial exam in 1994. In 1996, she was appointed a judge at the Regional Court in Bratislava. From 1997, she worked at the Regional Court in Trnava, firstly as a judge and since 2002 as the President of a Panel. Between 2009 and 2010, she was the Vice-President of the Regional Court. She has been a judge of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic since 2010. She was also a member of the First Instance Disciplinary Panel from 2007 to 2009 and the President of the Appellate Disciplinary Panel between 2010 and 2013. Since 2010, she has been a member of the Judicial Academy Council of the Slovak Republic. She has exercised her decision-making activity mainly in the administrative agenda, to a lesser extent in the civil matters. She is currently a member of the Administrative Division of the Supreme Court of the Slovak Republic and the President of the Special Panel for financial law.
As a graduate of faculty of law in Brno (1975) he currently gives lectures at his alma mater. He acquired his academic qualifications – doctorate, the title candidate of sciences and professorship at the Charles University in Prague (1979, 1986 and 2010). He habilitated in 1996 at the Comenius University in Bratislava. As a sole author he published a textbook – Czech legal history since 1918 (2004) for the Comenius University in Bratislava and monographies Customs law and customs policy in the process of first reconciliation of Germany (1995) and Insults, defamation and libel: Protection of honour in the Czechoslovak criminal law (2006) and The First Czechoslovak law (2018). As a co-author he participated in numerous Czech and Slovak textbooks on legal history. In 2010 he became the main expert responsible for the research project which formed basis for two-part monography Private law development on the territory of Czech lands (2012). He took part also in several other research projects, notably by a comprehensive chapter - Brno law faculty in the interwar period in 1919 – 1939 by which he contributed to the publication Czechoslovakian law and legal science in the interwar period and their position in the central Europe. His scientific interest is currently focused predominantly on modern Czech and Slovak legal history (publications on the development of legal science and legal education, history of labour and commercial law, incorporation of Slovakia to Czechoslovakia after 1918, legislature in the post-war Slovak National Council etc.).
Jozef Vozár was born on 31 July 1967 in Liptovský Mikuláš where he attended the primary and the grammar school of M. M. Hodža. After graduating from the Faculty of Law of the Comenius University in Bratislava, he joined the Institute of State and Law of the Slovak Academy of Sciences where he currently serves as the Director. From 1997 to 2017 he worked as an attorney at law as well.
In 1996 he became a scholar of the Alexander von Humboldt Foundation. He also took part in a study visit at the Max Planck Institute in Munich. From 1999 to 2001, he was a member of the APS Consortium under the European Law & Policy Advisory Group, GbR (ELPA-Group) which provided legal assistance under the PHARE project to approximate the legislation of the Slovak Republic focusing on the short- and medium-term priorities of the Accession Partnership with the European Union.
He is a member of several scientific and administrative boards and editorial boards of Právny obzor and Duševné vlastníctvo journals. He is an external lecturer at the Judicial Academy of the Slovak Republic since 2011.
Jozef Vozár is the author of dozens of scientific and professional articles in Slovakia as well as abroad, and several publications. He has also received a number of awards for these publications. The Commentary on the Press Act (Komentár k tlačovému zákonu) and the Law Against Unfair Competition (Právo proti nekalej súťaži) were awarded the prize by the Czech-German-Austrian-Slovak Society of Lawyers – Carlsbad Legal Days. The Slovak Academy of Sciences awarded him the prize of the Academy for popularization of science activities. In 2016, he was awarded the Štefan Luby medal.
In 2010-2012, he was an adviser to the Prime Minister Iveta Radičová for the development of democracy and the fight against corruption. In 2014, the President of the Slovak Republic, Andrej Kiska, appointed him to the Judicial Council of the Slovak Republic.
Hon. John M. Walker, Jr., is a Senior Circuit Judge, and was formerly Chief Judge (2000-2006), of the United States Court of Appeals for the Second Circuit based in New York City. He was a District Judge (1985-89) on the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York before being elevated to the Second Circuit.
Judge Walker has served as President of the Federal Judgesˋ Association and as a member of the Judicial Conference of the United States. He was Chair of the Conferenceˋs Committee on Judicial Conduct and Disability and a member of the Conferenceˋs Executive, Budget, and International Judicial Relations Committees. He is a Lecturer at Yale Law School. He is a director of the U.S. Association of Constitutional Law, the International Judicial Academy, and is on the Board of the CEELI Institute in Prague.
After receiving his B.A. from Yale University and J.D. from the University of Michigan Law School, he was State Counsel to the Republic of Botswana. Judge Walker served in the Marine Corps Reserves. After private practice in New York City, he served as a federal prosecutor in New York for five years before returning to private practice with the New York firm of Carter, Ledyard & Milburn, where he was a partner. Judge Walker was appointed Assistant Secretary of the Treasury in 1981 where he served until he became a District Judge.
Judge Walker has written and spoken extensively on federal practice. He has worked with judiciaries to further the Rule of Law in China, the Middle East and Central and Eastern Europe. He is the recipient of the Learned Hand Medal for Excellence in Federal Jurisprudence and several other awards.
Jean-Claude Wiwinius graduated from the University of Paris Panthéon-Sorbonne and after practicing for three years at the Luxembourg Bar, he started in 1980 his career as a judge, first at the District Court in Luxembourg, and then at the Justice of the Peace of Esch-sur-Alzette. Following a three years’ professional experience as a legal secretary of the Court of First Instance of the European Communities, he served as vice-president at the Luxembourg District Court. In 1994 he was called upon to take over the function of advocate general at the Superior Court of Justice and in 2008 he was appointed as president of a chamber at the Court of Appeal. In 2015 he became vice-president at the Superior Court of Justice as well as counsellor at the Court of Cassation. Since 2012 he has been judge at the Constitutional Court.
On the 2nd August 2016 he has been appointed as president of the Superior Court of Justice and of the Constitutional Court, thus representing the judiciary in Luxembourg. His areas of interest are family law, criminal law and the Luxembourg private international law on which he has written a reference work.
From 1983 onwards and for 30 years he was teaching civil procedure and private international law at the Centre universitaire of Luxembourg. Since 1993 he has been in charge of the ethics course for the newly appointed attachés de justice.
Supreme Court Justice Andreas Zünd was born in 1957. He studied in Berne and was admitted to the Bar in Switzerland in 1984. He obtained his Doctorate in Law at the University of Berne in 1986. From 1986 to 1987, he worked as court clerk at the Supreme Court of the canton of Aargau, then till 1996, as court clerk for the Swiss Federal Supreme Court. Andreas Zünd was deputy judge from 1989 to 2002, and then till 2004, full-time judge of the Supreme Court of the canton of Aargau. In 1996, he was elected by the Swiss Parliament as deputy Supreme Court Justice and on 17th December 2003 as Supreme Court Justice. He served at the Swiss Federal Supreme Court as a member of the Criminal Law Division from 2004 to 2008, since then he serves as a member of the Second Public Law Division. He was President of the Second Public Law Division of the Swiss Federal Supreme Court from April 2010 to March 2016.